Carpets Iran Ancient Ghoum
About 150 kilometers south of Tehran, near a dry river, is the town of Ghoum (or Qom). It is the second holy city of Iran and a major theological center with a very large number of seminaries for the training of religious. The sister of the eighth Imam is buried there in a splendid mausoleum. Ghoum Carpet is a type of carpet produced in Iran in the Ghoum area. The first trades appeared in 1930, at the initiative of merchants of Keshan. Despite their recent manufacture, they have imposed themselves by the perfection of their technique and the variety of their drawings. In Ghoum, carpet manufacturing began in the early 20th century. The carpets of Ghoum are distinguished by their fine execution and their velvet in wool or silk. They are often tightly knotted, with the Persian knot, and have varied patterns borrowed from various Iranian provenances. Some details of the design may be made of silk. This is also common with the silk carpets, which are called Ghoum silk. The classic motifs are the boteh and zil-i sultan. There are also the flowers on plain backgrounds characteristic of the carpets of Ispahan and the central medallion of the carpets of Keshan. The carpet of Ghoum has a very colorful aspect, the white and the ivory of the background bringing out the multicolored patterns. Garden decorations, medallions or figurative motifs to animal and plant drawings are common. Nowadays, carpets sold under the name of Ghoum are also manufactured in other localities.