Tabacchiera in oro, legno e cristallo, Impero Periodo
Very rare snuff box with the portrait of Maréchal Hector de Villars.
Snuffbox elm and inside in gold.
Cover decorated with a profile of the Marechal de Villars in cristallo-porcelain. The Cristallo-porcelain is signed under the thumb of the bust: "Caque F."
Inside in gold with gold marks Coq, Paris 1809-1819 and marks of jeweler Pierre-André Montauban.
The Pierre-André Montauban jeweler's shop was located at 30 quai des Orfèvres in Paris.
His mark was hallmarked in 1800 and its activity is known until 1822.
Dimensions: Diameter 8.5 cm x 2.5 cm height.
Claude-Louis-Hector de Villars gross weight is a soldier and French diplomat, born in 1653 and died in Moulins in 1734 in Turin. Marshal of France (1702), Duke (1705) and peer of France (1709), he was raised in 1733 to the exceptional dignity of Marshal General of the camps and armies of the King. Born into a noble family, the son of Pierre de Villars, himself a grand-son of René of Savoy, known as "the Bastard of Savoy," and Mary Bellefonds. He married in 1702, Jeanne-Angélique Rocque Varengeville. It comes in his memoirs as a descendant of a family from the Middle Ages as his native Lyonnais family was ennobled in 1586. Louis-Hector, Marquis de Villars, entered the Royal Cuirassiers as second lieutenant in 1687 after a brilliant student at Mills College. The same year, as an unofficial envoy, he rushed in Munich in order to begin negotiations with the Elector of Bavaria to convince him, unsuccessfully, to influence its policy in a direction more favorable to French interests. His rise is favored by Madame de Maintenon that defeats his opponent, the Minister Louvois. In the years before the War of the Spanish Succession, he was sent to Vienna where his extraordinary action is appreciated by Louis XIV. Villars begins his military ascent at fifty, in the War of the Spanish Succession, it is previously found too reckless to command an army. After his victory over the Prince of Baden at the Battle of Friedlingen he became Marshal of France by state from 20 October 1702. The following year, he beat the Imperialists at Hochstadt. In May 1703, disappointed by the lack of significant military successes since the beginning of the war and the failure of attempts to disarm the Circles of Swabia and Franconia, he proposed to Louis XIV to return to the policy of scorched earth decades Previous and order to "destroy" the country. In April 1704, he went replace Montrevel marshal in the war against the Camisards to negotiate an end to fighting. Villars is made Duke in 1705. In 1709, he was wounded at the Battle of Malplaquet where the victorious allies suffer more losses than the vanquished French. Following this action, is made Peer of France. In 1712, for his victory at Denain, he saved the armies of Louis XIV of defeat. The same year he became governor of Provence, a position he retained until his death, when his son succeeded him. He was elected member of the French Academy in 1714. From 1715 to 1718, under the Regency, he chaired the War Council. In 1733, a year before his death, he received the Louis XV dignity Marshal General of the camps and armies of the King, brought before him by Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne. In 1734, Villars still green eighty-one years took, Italy, the command of 40,000 French to 12,000 Piedmontese and 21,000 Spaniards to win in three months the Milanese during the War of the Polish Succession he had to die in bed in Turin June 17, 1734.