Afghanistan is located in the southern part of Asia and borders Iran and Turkmenistan to the west, Uzbekistan and Tadzjikistan to the north, with Pakistan and China to the east. The capital of the country is Kabul and much of the territory is covered by mountains. Just a tenth of the territory is fertile, but at the same time it is among the most fertile in the world. The population, the Afghans, is largely divided into several ethnic groups (tribes) of which the Pashtuns are the main representatives. Other large ethnic groups are the Tajiks, Azari and Uzbeks.
For many years the country has been plagued by internal conflicts, with the meddling of major Western powers. Since the adoption of a new Constitution in 2004, the country has been governed by a president.
Two of the most popular carpets from Afghanistan are the Khal Mohammadi and the Afghan Aqche. The Khal Mohammadi are hand-bored by Turkmen in northern Afghanistan and in some cases can also be produced in Pakistan, by Turkmen who have moved across the border. The main colors are all the various shades of dark red. The motifs present are the so-called göl (elephant's paw-shaped) and octagonal (eight-sided) motifs often with stylized flowers of dark blue, ochre and beige color. Afghan Aqche rugs are hand-studded by Turkmens from central and northern Afghanistan.
Fleece, warp and weft are made of wool, goat and sometimes even horsehair.Latest arrivals