When it comes to Caucasian carpets, carpets made in the areas south, east and north of the Caucasus mountain range are indicated.
Carpets made before 1925 are divided into five groups: Kazakh, Karabach, Sjirvan, Kuba and Dagestan. Carpets in the Karabach area often have delicate patterns and resemble Persian carpets. In addition to this subdivision we also find the carpets Gjandzja, Silé and Verni.
They are carpets characterized by geometric patterns combined with rich and imaginative floral motifs. Sometimes figures of stylized animals or monsters are found.
The oldest Caucasian carpets were made from hand-spun wool, both for warp and weft and fleece. The natural colors are bright and vibrant. Thanks to the good quality of their wool and Turkish knots, these carpets are durable and are highly appreciated.
For recent carpets, then annoded after 1925, cotton warp is used, synthetic colors that have been faded, the patterns are less numerous and less sought after. These carpets are also quite durable, but from an artistic point of view they are less interesting. The most common names of these carpets to date are Kazakh, Derbent, Mikrach, Gendje, Erivan, Sjirvan and Akhty.
Today the new carpets are made in Pakistan with motifs also inspired by Caucasian carpets, and dyed with natural dyes. These carpets are robust and have a relatively short fleece, they are sold under the name "Kazak".Latest arrivals