The sacred parameters, also known as liturgical, have different names and meanings depending on the dress that is worn from time to time by a minister of the Catholic Church. Specifically, the term parameter comes from Latin and means to prepare. But what are the names of the sacred vestments and how do they alternate during the liturgical year? These clothes, whose origins must be traced back to the ancient Greek and Roman civil garments, express a fundamental function and precisely for this reason are not brought into the simple ordinary life, but only at the moment when the Lord is being celebrated.
Among the names of the sacred parameters we find, for example, the hamlet: it is a liturgical dress made of white linen formed by two fabric ribbons, through which it is tied around the waist. This parameter is mainly used to cover the necks of ministers. The white coat, on the other hand, is worn by all those who officiate the liturgical celebration and refers to the immaculate robe that all Christians receive thanks to baptism. Among the sacred parameters there is also the ciingolo: a cord of wool that cings the robe. The name mitria corresponds to the headdress, often of very precious fabric, with a cone shape, which is used directly by bishops in precise situations such as, for example, during the blessing of the oils, in the proclamation of readings or even in a procession. The stola, whose color changes depending on the liturgical time, can be worn by deacons, priests and even bishops and is a sacred parameter adorned with three crosses, the fabric of which reaches the length of up to 250 centimeters. Among the names of the sacred parameters there is also the dalmatica: a long tunic very exploited in ancient times by the Roman emperors of the East, conceived with very precious materials, often with golden watermarks and pearls. It is worn by deacons in liturgical celebrations and stands out, among other things, also for its wide sleeves. Latest arrivals