G. Van Lint (1723 - 1790), View of Rome with the Forum
View of Rome with the Trajan column
Oil on canvas, 62 x 46 cm
The canvas in question identifies, by setting and style, the hand of Giacomo Van Lint (1723 - 1790). Giacomo Van Lint was born in Rome in 1723. He was the eldest of six brothers and son of art; his father, Hendrick Frans Van Lint (1684 - 1763), was in fact a very popular painter among foreigners in Rome, who loved the representations of views and landscapes of small dimensions. Giacomo accomplished his apprenticeship with his father, of whom he undoubtedly felt the influence, while concentrating on a vedutismo, that preferred, unlike his father, monuments and Roman views. His Roman views, attentive to the topographical data as those of his father, are characterized by an elegant and personal style; he painted mostly classical and contemporary Roman buildings. As can be seen from the analyzed canvas, it is particularly attentive to the care of the luministic details, evident in the articulated attention of the play of light and shadow that I light up rapid passages between the views of the architecture. His brush defines with equal care the figures, sought in detail as in the attention to the real data. The Emperor Trajan was the last great conqueror: he fought against the Germanic peoples, he defeated the Parthians, destroyed the Dacians, invaded Armenia, Syria and Mesopotamia. With him the Roman Empire lived an age of great splendor. The conquest of Dacia (101 - 106 BC) was one of its most successful military operations. The Dacians were a population that occupied the lands north of the Danube, where now there is Romania. In memory of this war, to commemorate the military campaigns, dedicated by the Senate and the people to the Roman emperor (made with the spoils of war), the greatest masterpiece of Roman art was carved in Rome: the so-called Colonna Traiana that was completed in May of 113 a. C. The purpose of this work was not only funerary and celebratory, but also didactic, as a long papyrus monument spiraling out telling all the campaigns and military exploits of the emperor. Later, after the untimely death of Trajan, his ashes were placed at the base of the column to turn it into a real memorial to his memory. Behind the column you can see the Church of the Most Holy Name of Maria al Foro Traiano, built during the eighteenth century. An interesting stylistic comparison can be found with a View of St. Peter's Basilica beaten by Sotheby's for € 120,000 (12/11/2003, lot 161) or with a view of Piazza del Popolo, beaten by Fischer, in Switzerland at € 19,296 ( 18/06/1996, lot 2030).